• Frühstück im Hotel
• Die orientalische Perle Samarkand
Samarkand is one of the oldest cities in the world that was built around 750 BC, and fast became one of the centers of the famous Silk Road. We explore the history of the city and its surroundings and visit a historical museum and in the archaeological site "Afrosiyob". Among the artefacts that the museum preserves there are the remains of ancient swords, knives, arrows, coins and manuscripts, statues and much more.
On the second part of the day we come to the historical building complex "Shahi-Sinda" (German "living king"), one of the most famous mausoleums in Asia. Starts from the 14th century the nobles of the Muslim dynasty of the "Timurids" were buried here. The powerful dynasty founded by Timur (also known as Tamerlan) ruled Central and Southwest Asia from 1370 to the 16th century, including the territory of today's states of Afghanistan, Iran and Uzbekistan.
Our path continues to the paper factory, where centuries-old traditions are still alive. Here we experience the traditional production process of papers, which are made from the fibers of the mulberry tree in the traditional way. At the end of this eventful day we visit the observatory of Ulug Beg from the 15th century.
Ulug Beg was one of the rulers of the Timurid dynasty and the grandson of the great Amir Timur. In contrast to Tamerlan, Ulug Beg was enthusiastic about science and was also known as a very precise astronomer. Samarkand became one of the centers of science during his reign. One of the masterpieces at that time was the observatory he built. After the death of his father in 1447 Ulug Beg was unable to retain the power he had under the succession and was killed in Samarkand at the instigation of his own son. • Dinner and overnight in Samarkand